No one wants a security breach to happen, but the media will be sure to pick it up when it does. By then, it is too late. Millions of dollars in fines or ransom notes later, and with a tarnished marketplace reputation, the company or government agency wishes they had paid more attention to their security protocols.
One way to achieve higher security is to instill a proper Privileged Access Management (PAM) initiative into the cybersecurity workflow. PAM is the process of determining who has access to what types of information as it creates an integrated view of risk, threats, and controls. PAM incorporates all-encompassing methodologies for how to use identities securely, how to enable logging and auditing for privileged identities for the quickest cyberattack response, and how to define what is privilege and what is not for an organization. In other words, PAM refers to a multi-dimensional cybersecurity strategy involving processes, technology, and people that aims to secure and monitor both human and non-human (machine)-privileged activities and identities throughout an organization’s IT landscape. For it to be successful, any such system has to be a part of the entity’s culture.
Privileged Access Management (PAM) helps organisations provide secure access to critical applications and data by addressing the very first security layer – the passwords.
Why is this important?
For hackers getting access to Admin or super user passwords is like hitting the goldmine – instant access to an organisations most critical assets and potentially right across the network
There are many benefits of a robust PAM system. Its effectiveness is enhanced with the knowledge of how to determine risk tiers, how guidelines are established, and best practices for implementing procedures, including how to overcome team-level resistance. Not having a protective system is imprudent. PAM providers offer various methods that achieve comparable results and benefits.
- It sets up the equivalent of a barrier wall to guard against attacks.
- It helps mitigate risk by ensuring compliance and confirmation with integrity.
- It improves IT efficiency for application teams by increasing efficiency and enabling seamless user workflows.
- It integrates with other tools to further enhance the organization’s cyber maturity as it creates more layers of security.
- It acts as a centralized system with clean dashboards, reports on systems in place, and an AI-assisted subsystem to provide safety based on user profile and risk factors.
Key features include a layering of sound, proven security protocols atop hardware, software, technology assists, and culture shifts.
- One key protocol is granting the least privilege possible while still getting the job done.
- Storing multiple-use passwords is dangerous.
- Leveraging AI decreases team member “slips” through automated monitoring, reporting to dashboards and real time alerts that are also used in many industries’ audits.
- Training must include accountability and responsibility, even using screen-recording capabilities to train entry-level resources and monitor third party vendor access to protect the organization.
Sometimes losing a customer or a breach itself will be the catalyst for establishing new and better guidelines. Ideally, a report showing minor violations ahead of a problem would trigger a new guideline. Sometimes the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) needs an inventory in the form of a “gap” analysis of where the company is versus where it would like to be protection-wise. From there, guidelines and levels of access can be created, tightened and enforced.
Determining appropriate levels of access across the enterprise might seem numbingly painful and time consuming. However, access identifiers must travel the full length and breadth of the organization and are a critical preemptive measure against cyberattacks. Sometimes the step is rushed in the attempt to do something — anything, to stop attackers. Industry PAM suppliers such as CyberArk, Centrify, and Thycotic offer company-specific combinations of determining appropriate privileged access levels that start at the tippy top of the IT system (the CISO or CIO for example) and rain down across and through workstations within or among network domains. The contradiction of job title against access point challenges all systems. Cyber attackers have infiltrated structures as large as Yahoo and the U.S. Office of Personnel Management by finding and exploiting privileged credentials. The exact level of access comes down to adhering to a few generally accepted best practices.
Start by answering the questions below to build a tight, impenetrable system:
- Who has access to critical infrastructure, systems, and data? Build access levels from the ground up and top down. Study automatically updated reports daily. A reputable PAM cloud or on-premise solution can inform this step.
- Does the company use the tools/solutions they have efficiently? Are they making time to have meetings, train the troops, and enforce the protocols in place? How mature are users’ knowledge base and how recent are the tools? Is everyone on board to secure the company’s digital assets?
- Is there an adequate budget for purchasing recognized Privileged Access Management software and the support that comes with it?
- How do external audit findings reflect compliance? Examples are General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) for the EU and Network Information Service (NIS) in the U.S. Are failures quickly fixed?
- Is management at all levels supporting or thwarting safety measures? Getting the job done is not as important as getting the job done safely.
There are many challenges to maintaining a safe yet productive and efficient IT environment. Surprisingly, one of the most challenging roadblocks with Privileged Access Management systems is not making the financial investment to purchase them. The greater challenge is often overcoming employees’ general resistance to change and “adding one more thing” to complete their day-to-day activities. Whether for budgetary, personnel, or other reasons, this resistance puts the company at risk. Meanwhile, as user-friendly and feature-rich as the best PAM systems are, the ultimate test is micro-managing all the way down to the customer-facing employees. These are the bastions of protection against internal (unfortunately) and external marauder/cyber attackers chipping against the walls of the IT fortress. Stretched team managers do their best to hold their team members accountable, but they cannot afford to fire their noncompliant employees. The work must be done, so the task often becomes one of negotiating with an employee. “Here are ten things we need you to do. Do two now, and we’ll work on the next ones in coming weeks.”
But coming weeks may bring newer protocols. The task is ongoing, because next week may require more and different responses and procedures depending on the attackers’ targets, be it Big Data, the Cloud, DevOps, Databases, the Infrastructure, or Network Devices. Last month’s Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) might need strengthening. As quickly as the Bad Guys change their strategies, the technologies to keep them out must change apace.
(1) Security Magazine
(2) Security Intelligence
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about drastic changes at a social level that would have been difficult to imagine a few weeks or months ago. The situation of confinement in which many countries find themselves, with most of the population unable to leave their homes, is something we were not prepared for and have had to quickly get used to.
Something similar has happened at the work and business level, however, the work does not stop: hospitals, logistics companies, medical material production services, etc. must continue working, and for the rest of the non-critical services in this situation, remote work or teleworking has been imposed at a fast pace.
Normally, establishing new architectures, information systems, tools, etc. is something that takes time, especially in large companies. In this case, many CIOs have been forced to implement remote architectures and work processes in record time.
Many corporate systems are not designed to work from home. Perhaps they are, since in most companies teleworking has been carried out more or less extensively: users take their work home, on weekends, etc. to carry out certain urgent tasks. The difference is that now telework has had to be implemented throughout the organization without exception.
The teleworking scenario represents a new way of doing business for organisations that had not previously implemented this system. This entails the emergence of new risks and threats in terms of personal data protection, as employees are working with different means and resources than usual.
Never in history has so much traffic and so much critical corporate data had to be managed from home. In many cases we are seeing how communication lines, VPN systems, etc. were not prepared for so many volumes of data.
Although in the first phase of the implementation of teleworking, agility and the possibility of giving remote access to the systems has been a priority, the CISOs have also had to establish procedures and tools to work safely.
Now more than ever we are seeing how it is not enough to protect the perimeter of the company. With information scattered in multiple locations, in the cloud, at employees’ homes, etc. it is now more critical than ever to have security that travels with the information.
Cloud storage applications such as Box, OneDrive, G-Drive, collaborative work applications such as Slack or Microsoft Teams, video conferencing tools such as Zoom or GoToMeeting allow critical work to continue and we can all enjoy certain services that are indispensable in this crisis, while on the other hand allow us to do our job.
Customers expect their suppliers to continue to maintain a high standard of security when processing their data, blocking possible threats and keeping them safe from possible security breaches.
One thing that is striking is that in crises, security or cyber security risks increase. The bad guys see a unique opportunity to act on the misdirection, chaos, and take advantage of it. A few weeks ago we watched in the press in astonishment as even hospitals were hit by cyber attacks in the middle of the covid crisis. In fact, unfortunately, phishing attacks have increased these days.
Soffid is providing the same user experience and securing the organisations data. Users can identify using their corporate passwords, they can change the passwords when the policy says that the password has been expired, they can recover the password when they have been forgotten they have all the end users user experience is expected to have without exposing the active directory. And on the other hand, the helpdesk team can track sessions, can label and configure the user’s desktop through scripting, through any other tool they are using with active directory and at the same time the administrator, the global administrators can connect any application they have, including active directory, sap or legacy applications with Soffid, so administrator can get a secure and reliable platform, but, at the same time, the end users are having the experience they are expecting to have.
As enterprises adopt cloud applications, users are plagued with password fatigue–the never-ending burden of creating and maintaining separate identities and passwords for the multiple cloud and web apps they need to access on a daily basis. Adding to the frustration and downtime, when accessing certain resources, users are also required to validate their identities with strong multi-factor authentication, slowing down the access journey even further.
To offer the most frictionless experience possible without sacrificing security, organizations can leverage cloud single sign-on (cloud SSO) combined with contextual information and step-up authentication. This lets users access all their cloud and web applications with a single identity and password, and lets IT require stronger access security only in high risk situations. In fact, cloud access management solutions have emerged, providing organizations with the ability to set flexible access policies that include:
- Single Sign On
- Granular access policies
- Context-based Authentication
- Session management
Cloud single sign-on enables users to access all their cloud and web applications using a single identity–a single username and password set. So instead of maintaining 10 or 20 passwords, users can maintain just one! Cloud SSO removes the need to re-authenticate separately to each cloud application, allowing users to easily move from one cloud app to another.
That said, cloud security is still inherently complex, so we would breakdown some simple steps to leverage the cloud safely and securely.
Multifactor authentication (MFA) is one of the most concrete guards against cloud-based security risks and, where supported by the cloud application provider, should be implemented immediately. While MFA is not a new technology, the simplicity and ubiquity of smartphones has made MFA a seamless extension of the user access protocol. Long gone are the days where a user has to carry a randomizing FOB that must be replaced, has battery challenges and requires server-side management to keep up to date and integrated with the company account management policy. Today, anyone with a smartphone has the MFA client and basically ready to comply with a fundamentally sound security and cloud access policy.
Ensure Internal Systems Management
Large cloud providers invest extraordinary resources to protect themselves and their clients from cybercriminals. The reality is that cyberattackers are not going to attack the most hardened resources when they are clearly aware that the easiest path of entry is through the small- to mid-size business. Consequently, it is just important that you are keeping a close watch on internal technology systems and controls as that is most likely the least secure point of entry on your way to the cloud. In addition, many cloud implementations still incorporate private VPNs to allow direct and controlled network access, so the importance of the following basic systems management disciplines are critical:
- 100 percent internal device management
- 100 percent patch management (PCs, servers, network devices, etc.)
- Storage management
- Network access control
- Managed security
- SIEM tool
- Web filtering
- DNS filtering
While this may seem like a daunting list of items, chances are you have some form of these for cloud security either in a managed services relationship or internal tool set you already own. The key is discipline in management and metrics/reporting of either the provider, or the internal IT team.
The velocity of technological change combined with the evolution of threat vectors simply forces us to train our users to keep a keen eye out for anomalies, particularly when dealing with external or cloud systems. User training is a simple, reasonably cost-effective way to breakdown and educate our workforce on modern security risks. While none of these items are silver bullets for eliminating cloud computing risk, they take large strides in mitigating the risk associated with the cloud. The cloud offers a wealth of benefits and when delivered and used appropriately, can offer the same or better security protections than a local computing environment. However, there are appropriate safeguards and measures that shou
(1) Security Boulevard
The rapid digitisation across the world in 2020 has paved the way for companies to adopt new models in how they secure and manage the identity of their users.
As businesses move from largely reactive measures last year to now putting in place policies and processes to permanently adapt to the new normal, a modern identity and access management (IAM) system is critical to manage access across multiple operating systems, devices, locations and applications, based on what a user should be able to do and what they will need over time
IAM encompasses a complex set of functions that touch nearly every aspect of your business and have a measurable impact on your bottom line. Leaving an outdated IAM system in place — whether you’re managing the identities of employees, business partners, or end customers — is both costly and dangerous.
Modernising Identity Reduces Maintenance Costs
Businesses that are reluctant to invest in IAM are often unaware of how much money they’re already spending on it. Maintaining an outdated, decentralised IAM system is usually a full-time job for at least one developer. In addition, dealing with identity-related issues such as lost passwords takes up the majority of your support desk’s time.
The maintenance costs of in-house Identity are high even if we only define “maintenance” as keeping the existing system running so users can log in and access resources. When businesses improve their custom IAM systems, those costs skyrocket. Auth0 customers regularly report that if they attempted to build our features themselves, it would take an entire team of developers.
Identity Is Critical to Legal Compliance and Security
If you don’t invest in a sophisticated, secure identity solution, then you’re essentially budgeting for regulatory fines and the myriad costs associated with data breaches. Given the rise in global data privacy laws and cyberattacks, the chances that you will be impacted are only increasing.
Identity-based attacks are a pervasive threat. Today, hackers the world over use authentication as their preferred gateway to attack. Verizon’s 2020 Data Breach Report found that the most common forms of data breaches are identity-based: phishing and attacks using stolen credentials. These broken authentication attacks mean huge expenses for businesses, in the form of application downtime, lost customers, and IT costs. The Ponemon Institute reports that a company that falls victim to a credential stuffing attack stands to lose an annual average of US$6 million. Thwarting these attacks requires IAM features such as brute force protection, multi-factor authentication (MFA), and rigorous access control.
IAM Unleashes Innovation
For better or for worse, your company’s IAM platform will impact your ability to innovate. This happens in two ways. The first is simple: Every hour your developers spend on authentication is an hour they’re not improving your core product.
Most companies are familiar with this logic when making other decisions about building vs. buying microservices. For example, Auth0’s research found that when companies need to incorporate a payment tool in their app, only 26% build it themselves. The other 74% use a software-as-a-service SaaS solution like Stripe or Paypal. The same logic holds true for authentication.
Aside from freeing up resources, an IAM system can drive innovation. For example, consider the impact of centralised Identity on improving analytics and customer outreach. When a single IAM provider handles user authentication across devices and integrates seamlessly with every other system, it de-silos data to create a single source of truth about users. This idea is the heart of an omnichannel approach to retail and marketing.
Identity Is Central to Your Business
It’s always important to make sound investments in technology, and particularly in a moment of global uncertainty. But having a secure and extensible IAM solution is one of the best defenses against that uncertainty because it makes businesses more capable of adapting to change.
A modern IAM solution can provide both a quick business win and long-term value by decreasing costs, increasing revenue, and making businesses more adaptable in a shifting technological and legal landscape.
Shall we talk about your project? Soffid 3 is a more intuitive and user-friendly version that will fit your needs.
(1) Digital Security Magazine
(2) Frontier Enterprise
A compliance audit is a comprehensive review and evaluation of a business or organization’s compliance with a voluntary compliance framework (e.g., SOC 2) or a regulatory requirement (e.g., GDPR). The scope of a compliance audit depends on which framework/regulation the auditor is evaluating against and, for some frameworks, what type of information the organization stores and how they utilize it.
Many companies still do not appreciate the interconnection of security and compliance. Both are often considered cost centers, and that paints a scowl on the face of many Chief Financial Officers. However, there is a different way of looking at compliance (or its negative counterpart, non-compliance).
We can divide compliance into the categories of obvious and not-so-obvious costs.
The obvious costs are easy to understand:
- Track – Keeping a close watch on the requirements to maintain compliance
- Mitigate – Correcting any deficiencies
- Fines – Monetary penalties for compliance failure
Some of the hidden costs include:
- Additional internal audits – To verify that everything is in order as well as the costs of reworking
- Business disruption – Due to a regulator lockdown of a business unit or the entire organization,
- Productivity loss – The time employees need to focus on remediation
- Brand loss – Due to bad media coverage, and this leads to customer erosion
These costs ensure that your organization is equipped with the correct resources that are required to maintain and confirm there are no compliance slips. The biggest hidden cost, though, is the loss that is not accounted for due to non-standardized operating procedures and a lack of standardized control.
In information technology, this is known as secure configuration management. An organization may be operating at lower efficiency without being noticed until regulatory compliance audits unravel the cracks in the IT ecosystem. This is the “close to broken” setting mentioned earlier.
Fortunately, the journey to compliance need not be a burdensome task. For example, in the banking industry, digital checking mechanisms enable institutions to track all the risks and ensure compliance by applying the appropriate controls. Comprehensive dashboards are used to ensure that banks can effectively monitor and mitigate compliance issues before they cross into non-compliant territory.
To reduce business risk by ensuring systems are properly configured or hardened to meet with your internal regulatory and legislative compliance standards, Secure Configuration Management is a must.
A secure configuration management tool combines network monitoring and Endpoint Protection methodology to compare monitored systems against an approved configuration baseline or a golden image. Deviation from this baseline, known as test failures, can usually be corrected with little or no human intervention. Secure configuration management is truly a need-to-have based solution.
Secure configuration management offers benefits to organizations, not only from the cost-avoidance standpoint of non-compliance but also from increased organizational efficiency and agility.
It is important to note that while many vulnerabilities are “common,” there is a more critical aspect of maintaining compliance to protect your organization. The largest segments of attack types are targeted. This type of attack means your organization is singled out, and the attacker has a specific interest in your business or your intellectual property.
A targeted attack takes time and planning, sometimes months, to lay the groundwork and prepare. Attackers still use commodity techniques to probe the systems in your organization, looking for the best path to exploit, but their methods are specifically tailored to your infrastructure, your processes and your personnel. The main reason that targeted attacks are effective is because organizations struggle to follow basic security practices and properly institute measurable security policies.
Could you imagine how much less risk your organization would have if you could eliminate 99.99% of attacks?
How Soffid Can Help
Soffid makes compliance to security standard easier with the broadest set of compliance and security policies that accelerate securing your infrastructure and knowing where the weak points are. We update these policies as standards change and allow you to customize the test and assessment results to better meet your individual needs, as you get a giant head-start on your security policy and framework as well as the flexibility to make it your own.
(1) Security Boulevard